The newest and final film of the Hunger Games trilogy recently came out in theaters. Based on the books by Suzanne Collins, which have been worldwide bestsellers, the films follow the character Katniss Everdeen. What is interesting is that in the depiction of the life of Katniss, telling the heroic story of a young woman who risks her life to save her little sister and becomes a symbol of hope for an oppressed people, we have significant parallels to the lives of modern saints.
The connection between aspects of the Hunger Games and the lives of saints have not been missed. A popular meme of St. Maximilian Kolbe has been out for a while, making a cultural allusion to the Hunger Games. In it St. Maximilian is depicted with the wording: “Hunger Games? Volunteered as a Tribute in Real Life.”
A “tribute” is a reference to what, in the Hunger Games, participants are called who are chosen, by an oppressive state (“the Capitol”) to partake in a televised death match called the “Hunger Games.” When Katniss’ little sister is chosen as a tribute against her will, a drafting that would in all probability lead to her death, Katniss steps in to take her place. This selfless act is reminiscent of how Maximilian Kolbe stepped in and volunteered to take the place of another Polish prisoner in Auschwitz who was going to be executed. Hence the poetic quality of the popular meme: “Volunteered as a Tribute in Real Life.”
Surviving the Hunger Games, and challenging the status quo of the Capitol that enforces the Games, Katniss becomes a symbol for resistance, revolution, and hope, fighting for a socially and militarily oppressed people: in essence, she becomes the symbol of a movement.
Blessed Jerzy Popieluszko was a young Polish priest who became a symbol of resistance and hope for oppressed Poles during the reign of state-sanctioned Communism in Poland. He became a chaplain for the Solidarity Movement in Poland, a figure-head fighting for the rights of workers and leading a spiritual renewal against an atheistic government. Fr. Jerzy’s monthly Masses for the Fatherland were attended by tens of thousands of people. At the Masses people would pronounce a sign of solidarity by lifting up a hand and using two fingers (the index and the middle finger) to make the sign of a “V.” The “V” was a symbol for victory.
So often they did this in Fr. Jerzy’s presence, raise up a “V” with their fingers, that this symbol of hope became a threat to the Communist administration. As one blog dedicated to Fr. Jerzy explained, the “V” sign moved then-Polish Prime Minister, the Communist leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski, to angrily mention it on the floor of the Polish Parliament, explaining: “Today there are still hands with fingers that are spread in the form of a letter. Not even one Polish word begins with that letter. Because of (this letter) it won’t get better in Poland, it can only get worse.” These words speak to the reality of what fear and unease this symbol inspired in the Communist administration.
Like Fr. Jerzy, in the Hunger Games Katniss is also often acknowledged through a finger sign, the three finger salute. As one site explains, the “sign is made by pressing your three middle fingers of your left hand to your lips and then hold them out to the person, or people, that you want to show respect to.” In the Hunger Games films it is evident that the three-finger salute, originating as a humble recognition of respect from Katniss’ home district, becomes so much more once Katniss becomes such a powerful symbol for the people: the three-finger salute becoming a sign that is threatening to the oppressive State, the Capitol, while inspiring the hopes of the people: becoming a deeper, political symbol.
The two-finger salute signifying the “V” that was pervasively present at Fr. Jerzy’s Masses, and throughout Poland where movements of resistance arose to an oppressive state, has a fascinating history.
Blogger Michael Masson explains: “The V sign was created by Victor de Laveleye, a Belgium politician who directed the French-speaking broadcasts of the BBC during World War II. He chose V because it was the first letter for the French victoire meaning “victory” and the Dutch vrijheid meaning “freedom”. De Laveleye said, ‘the occupier, by seeing this sign, always the same, infinitely repeated, [would] understand that he is surrounded, encircled by an immense crowd of citizens eagerly awaiting his first moment of weakness, watching for his first failure.’”
Writer Anita Crane traces the V sign even to an earlier history: “Indeed, the V stood for ‘In hoc signo vinces’ – ‘In this sign you will conquer.’ This is the message that Constantine and his troops saw written in the sky with a sign of the cross on their way to the Battle of Saxa Rubra in 312 A.D. The troops of tyrant Maxentius, brutal killer of Christians, outnumbered Constantine’s army by at least two-to-one. After the sign, Constantine put the cross on his shield and won the battle, which, among other things, led to outlawing slavery and the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire.”
Fr. Jerzy, who like his Polish brother Fr. Maximilian Kolbe, died as a martyr, being kidnapped and brutally murdered by the Communist secret police on October 19, 1984. However, he became a symbol of hope and the courageous work of his life, being a spiritual father, helper, strategist, to the Solidarity Movement in Poland and countless oppressed workers, culminated in the destruction of the Communist regime in Poland and, through a domino effect, the rest of Eastern Europe a few years later.
To see an extraordinary documentary on his life see “Jerzy Popieluszko: Messenger of the Truth.”
It is important to note that in this post I am not identifying the Hunger Games character Katniss Everdeen as a saint. She is a complex character who makes important—at times, morally questionable—decisions but I am highlighting how many aspects of the Hunger Games series, which make it a fascinating trilogy filled with heroic witness, sacrificial self-giving, and symbols of hope, are prominently present in the heroic lives of modern saints.